As we embark on the 2018 growing season, producers should be aware that dicamba herbicides Engenia, FeXapan, and XtendiMax have been reclassified as Restricted Use Pesticides (RUPs). In order to purchase and apply these herbicides, you must be certified as a private or 1A (Agriculture Plant) commercial pesticide applicator. In addition, anyone planning to apply these herbicides this coming season will be required to attend dicamba or auxin specific applicator training. In Kansas, these trainings will be sponsored by K-State Research and Extension, as well as industry representatives from BASF, Dow/Dupont, and Monsanto. It will be the responsibility of the applicators to obtain this training before the application of these herbicides.
The purpose of these trainings is to cover the label changes and application requirements in detail and provide information on what you, as an applicator, need to do to meet these requirements. The labels for these herbicides include mandatory record keeping requirements, modified wind speed restrictions (3 to 1 miles per hour only), limited times of day that applications can be made (between sunrise and sunset), a revised list of sensitive crops and sensitive sites, buffer zone requirements, and revised sprayer cleaning procedures and documentation.
The dates and locations for K-State Research and Extension sponsored trainings will be posted on the KSU-IPM website at the following address:
Kansas State University has a horticulture research center just south of Wichita named the John C. Pair Horticultural Center. Extensive plant research is done at the center. In 2007 they established a National Elm Trial with 18 cultivars. All of these are Dutch Elm Disease (DED) Resistant with 4 being true American elms. The remainder are either hybrids or other elm species. Here are results of the trial with notes:
The four true American elms are ‘Valley Forge’, ‘Princeton’,
‘New Harmony’ and ‘Lewis and Clark’ (Prairie Expedition). All
have shown excellent tolerance to DED. Characteristics listed
below are primarily from our study at the John C. Pair Horticultural Center
but storm breakage is from the University of Minnesota. Continue reading “Extensive Plant Research”
The Harvey County Fair a wonderful event for all ages! We have 4-H shows, carnival, Saddle Club Rodeo, and much more! This year though we have a few changes.
First of all the dates have been moved. Instead of starting the judging on Friday and going through Tuesday, we are starting judging on Thursday, and all exhibits in the buildings will be judged on Friday. This is a day earlier than usual, but the thinking behind the change is to have all judging done and exhibits set up for the traffic on Saturday. Saturday will remain the same with the Pedal Pull, Market in the Park, Ag Fest, and Turtle Races. Saturday is our busiest day and we want to show off all the wonderful exhibits that Harvey County Residents have been working on all year. This year’s Fair dates are Aug. 2-6th.
The next change is to forget your Open Class Number! Yes, I said it, forget it! We are going to an online system and before you get worried about how to set that up and enter your exhibits, don’t worry we are here to help! We will be here to help people enter their exhibits and are looking at other ways to help you get entered before the fair. We are just getting the online system started, so more information will come later.
The last change is the age ranges. Instead of having 5 age ranges in Open Class, we have moved to 3. They are Youth (0-11), Teen (12-18), and Adult (19+). The last few years, judges and volunteers have been getting confused on how to judge by age and then by class. This will allow it to be easier and still let the little ones compete against each other, rather than against adults.
The Harvey County Fair is still a long way away, but it is important to let everyone know of the changes. That way you can start preparing for them. If you have any questions, please call the office at 316-284-6930.
Historically, cull cow prices are beginning to rise. Finish culling cows in order of priority:
- Those that fall within the “Four-O Rule” (Open, Old, Onry, Oddball).
- Those with physical/structure problems (feet and legs, eyes, teeth, etc.).
- Poor producers.
- Continue feeding or grazing programs started in early winter. Fully utilize grain sorghum and cornstalk fields, severe winter weather may begin to limit crop residue utilization, be prepared to move to other grazing and feeding systems.
- Supplement to achieve ideal body condition scores (BCS) at calving.
- Control lice, external parasites will increase feed costs.
- Provide an adequate water supply. Depending on body size and stage of production, cattle need 5-11 gallons of water per head per day, even in the coldest weather.
- Sort cows into management groups. Body condition score and age can be used as sorting criteria. If you must mix age groups, put thin and young cows together, and feed separately from the mature, properly conditions cows.
- Use information from forage testing to divide forage supplies into quality lots. Higher-quality feedstuffs should be utilized for replacement females, younger cows, and thin cows that may lack condition and that may be more nutritionally stressed.
- Consult your veterinarian regarding pre- and postpartum vaccination schedules.
- Continue mineral supplementation. Vitamin A should be supplemented if cows are not grazing green forage.
- Plan to attend local, state and regional educational and industry meetings.
- Develop replacement heifers properly. Weigh them now to calculate necessary average daily gain (ADG) to achieve target breeding weights. Target the heifers to weigh about 60 to 65% of their mature weight by the start of the breeding season. Thin, light weight heifers may need extra feed for 60 to 80 days to “flush” before breeding.
- Bull calves to be fed out and sold in the spring as yearlings should be well onto feed. Ultrasound measurements should be taken around one year of age and provided to the association.
- Provide some protection, such as a windbreak, during severe winter weather to reduce energy requirements. The lower critical temperature (LCT) is the temperature at which a cow requires additional energy to simply maintain her current body weight and condition. The LCT for cattle varies with hair coat and body condition (Dry, heavy winter coat = 18 degrees, wet coat = 59 degrees). Increase the amount of dietary energy provided 1% for each degree (including wind chill) below the LCT.
This is a great time of year. Many different types of seasons; Christmas Season, Thanksgiving Season, Giving Season and most importantly it is Flu Season! No one wants to get sick and this time of year it is the easiest way to get sick.
We all get together with family and friends to celebrate the holidays with good food, but we also forget that we are passing germs and can get each other sick by simply hanging out with each other.
Hand washing is easy to do and it’s one of the most effective ways to prevent the spread of many types of infection and illness in all settings. Continue reading “Flu Season”
Gardening inside in the winter! Yes, there are ways to garden inside in the cold winter months in Kansas. This idea is not so far-fetched if you consider growing selected citrus plants indoors. Most varieties of oranges and other citrus grown commercially in warm climates are too large to be grown indoors. There are several species that make good houseplants when cared for properly, however.
Lemon and lime are probably the best citrus to use for starting plants. Obviously, you will need fruit with seeds you can harvest from them. There are many varieties that are seedless so it may be an experiment for you to find seeds. You can try to experiment with tangerine. I have had some luck with grapefruit as well. The culture of citrus plants is not particularly difficult if the following requirements can be met.
Use a fertilizer formulated specially for acid-loving plants, mixed so it’s half the recommended strength. Fertilize the plant only when it is actively growing, usually April through August or September. Continue reading “Winter Gardening?”