Midway Extension District, Livestock Production

New Antibiotic Rules Will Apply to Youth Swine Exhibitors

For Immediate Release by the Pork Checkoff

For youth swine exhibitors, parents and project advisors, Jan. 1, 2017, will usher in major changes in accessing medicated feeds for show pigs. That’s when the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) will implement new rules, known as Guidance 209, for antibiotic use in all animals raised for food.

Antibiotics identified as medically important (to human health) will no longer be available for growth promotion purposes, including for show pigs. Continue reading “New Antibiotic Rules Will Apply to Youth Swine Exhibitors”

Feeding Corn to Cows this Winter

By Chris Reinhardt, feedlot specialist

Although some areas received abundant rain this summer and have ample hay supplies, other regions received only marginal rains, resulting in a marginal hay crop. On the other hand, most of the corn-growing regions of the Midwest and High Plains had excellent growing conditions which have contributed to abundant grain supplies, resulting in relatively low corn prices this fall.

This combination of coinciding circumstances has raised the question, “Can I feed corn to cows instead of hay?” Well, the answer is an emphatic, “Yes”, but with caveats.

Continue reading “Feeding Corn to Cows this Winter”

Getting the Most from Oat Pasture

Many producers across the district are trying oat pasture to graze this spring.  The potential seems outstanding, but it is important to graze correctly in order to avoid those first year disappointments.

Oat pastures have increased in popularity in recent years.  They can reduce problems from drought and provide fast, early grazing.  Oat pastures can be very productive and last through early summer. Here are a few grazing recommendations that will help you succeed:

Oats grows rapidly; once it gets five or six inches tall, it quickly can shoot up to a foot tall in almost no time.  As nice as this sounds, if initial oat growth gets that tall it may not stool out, tiller, and regrow after grazing very well. With this in mind, it is important to start grazing early and to graze hard enough to keep your oats vegetative and leafy, thereby stimulating it to constantly form new tillers.

So how early is early?  That’s hard to say, but if your livestock start to graze when oats get six to eight inches tall and they remove just half the growth it should recover rapidly and tiller well.  You probably will need to give your oats a couple weeks to regrow after this first grazing, what we refer to many times as a “rest period”, before grazing again.

After this first grazing stimulates tillering, keep oat regrowth between six and sixteen inches tall using either continuous or rotational stocking.  Begin with a light stocking rate, about one animal every two acres.  Then adjust animal number as oat growth changes.  Don’t worry if a few plants head out.  But if many plants get tall and approach the boot stage, either stock heavily for one last hard graze-out or consider cutting for hay.

Best of luck with grazing oats this season!

For more information about livestock and forage topics contact the Midway District Extension office or call (785)483-3157 or (785)472-4442. Dusti Lynne Betts serves as the Midway Extension District Livestock Production Agent. All Kansas Extension education programs and materials are available to all individuals without discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, age, or handicap.

Kansas Hay Market Report- May 11

According the the High Plains Journal, Kansas hay trade is slow;

“Demand is moderate for dairy alfalfa, light to moderate for grinding alfalfa and alfalfa pellets and grass hay, according to the Kansas Department of Agriculture-USDA Market News Service, May 5. Prices given on a per-ton basis, unless otherwise noted”.

North Central/Northeast

Dairy/grinding alfalfa, prairie hay and brome steady. Movement slow. Horse alfalfa, $300, some $8-$9/small square bale; supreme dairy, $1/point RFV, $185-$220, an instance new crop $1.10/point RFV; premium, $170-$195; fair/good stock cow, $1/point RFV; utility/fair grinding alfalfa, edge of the field, $85-$95; ground and delivered, $130-$145. Good bluestem grass hay, small squares, $5-$6/bale, $120-$135, medium squares, $80-$100, large rounds, $45-$70, mostly $50-$60. Brome, good, small squares, $6-$7/bale, $130-$145/ton, medium squares, $100-$120, large rounds, $25-$50/bale, $60-$80/ton. CWF Grass mulch, large rounds $60-$65. Straw, good small squares $4 or $4.50-$5/bale delivered, large bales $60-$70/ton. Good sudan, large rounds, $70-$75; fair, $60-$65.

More information can be found at http://www.hpj.com/hay_range_pasture/kansas_hay_market/

Source: Kansas Department of Agriculture-USDA Market News Service, Dodge City, Kansas.

Location, Location, Location- H2O

Water distribution is one of the most critical components of grazing management, and with the ever growing uncertainty of annual rainfall we, as producers need to work on more ways to be proactive in providing water throughout our pastures. _6348

LOCATION, LOCATION, LOCATION- just as they say on HGTV; cattle cannot resist traveling far from water. They graze very little when more than half mile away from water in rough country, or a mile away in flat county. When cattle do travel far from water, they spend less time grazing and more time burning off pounds by walking; they graze distant areas incompletely, thus accounting for uneven distribution and grazing patterns. Continue reading “Location, Location, Location- H2O”

Making A Difference: Youth Livestock Quality Assurance Trainings

100% of Youth found the trainings to be valuable.

Youth Quality Assurance Trainings include the good production practices developed by the Pork Board, as well as lessons from the Beef Quality Assurance program. Youth participate in hands on activities which help them develop the skills to better explain the care, nutrition and housing of their animals to those who may have questions about their livestock projects.

For this year’s training, AllflexUSA donated electronic identification (eID) tags so the youth could tag a “practice ear” and scan the tag number into the computer system. 4-H members are learning about this technology, as it is being used in Kansas for show management, and in many Extension units and state shows. The eID technology has been adopted as an important management tool by many feedlots and other livestock production operations; this includes several producers in the Midway District.

44 youth from the Midway District and surrounding counties have participated in this year’s quality assurance training. We continue to receive additional requests for this training. The ultimate goal is to help 4-H youth understand how their actions influence the quality of product entering the food chain.

“my favorite part was learning about branding items and tagging my own [practice] ear”

“Doc, you sold me the vaccine and my cow still got sick!”

West Virgina Extension Veterinarian’s put together a list of the reasons for vaccination failures. The DVM’s stated that one of the most difficult things for producers to understand is how a cow can develop a disease she has been vaccinated for. While no vaccines work 100% of the time, some vaccines prevent disease better than others. Many factors can affect how vaccines will work. The following is a list of some of the most common reasons vaccinations fail to provide protective immunity.


Continue reading ““Doc, you sold me the vaccine and my cow still got sick!””